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NIS2 The impact on the UK CNI with focus vulnerability management – a quick overview

The European Union has recently introduced a revised Network and Information Systems Directive, or NIS2, which aims to improve the cybersecurity of essential services and digital service providers across the EU. This new regulation replaces the original NIS Directive, adopted in 2016. In a series of articles, we will explore what changes and their impact on vulnerability management.

vulnerability, nis2, regulation, vulnerability management

You can download the latest whitepaper on nis2 here

NIS 2 applies to a wide range of operators of essential services and digital service providers, including energy, transport, banking, healthcare, and digital services such as online marketplaces and search engines. The regulation aims to establish a common level of security for these services across the EU, by requiring organizations to implement appropriate security measures and to report significant security incidents to the relevant authorities.

For a more extensive look at the regulation:

NIS2 and NIS 1 what are the differences

vulnerability, nis2, regulation, vulnerability management

One of the key differences between the NIS1 directive version 1 (NIS1) and version 2 (NIS2) is the expanded scope of NIS2..

NIS2 extends the directive’s reach to include additional industries and digital service providers. This means that more organizations across the EU are subject to the requirements of the directive, including those in the water supply and distribution sector, the food supply sector, and the digital infrastructure sector. Digital service providers that offer online marketplaces, search engines, and cloud computing services are now within the directive’s scope. The expansion of the scope reflects the growing importance of digital infrastructure and the need to improve the resilience of network and information systems across a broader range of sectors.

Other differentiators 

AreaNIS1NIS2
ScopeApplies only to operators of essential services in specific sectors (e.g., energy, transport, healthcare, finance)Extends to additional sectors and digital service providers
ThresholdsNo thresholds for identifying operators of essential servicesNew thresholds for identifying operators of essential services and digital service providers
Incident reportingOperators of essential services must report incidents to a competent authorityNew requirements for incident reporting
PenaltiesNo specific penalties for non-complianceEmpowers national authorities to impose fines and other administrative measures
CooperationEmphasizes cooperation and information sharing between national authoritiesEmphasizes cooperation and information sharing between national authorities and the EU Agency for Cybersecurity

How does NIS2 Impact UK regulation ?

  • The NIS2 Directive will have a significant impact on cybersecurity in the UK.
  • Vulnerability management is a critical component of any cybersecurity strategy and NIS2 introduces new requirements for operators of essential services and digital service providers to identify and manage system vulnerabilities.
  • NIS2 requires regular vulnerability assessments, risk management processes, and incident response plans to be implemented by qualified professionals.
  • National critical infrastructure must be protected from cyber-attacks, and the NIS2 directive includes specific requirements for operators of essential services in the UK.
  • Operators of essential services in the energy, healthcare, and other sectors must implement measures to protect against cyber attacks on their systems and share information with each other and with national authorities to enhance cybersecurity resilience.
  • The NIS2 directive is designed to improve the resilience of network and information systems and safeguard the functioning of society and the economy.
  • Operators of essential services and digital service providers in the UK must ensure compliance with the new requirements of the directive and implement effective vulnerability management strategies.

NIS2 requires operators of essential services and digital service providers to conduct regular vulnerability assessments, implement risk management processes, and establish incident response plans. These assessments must be carried out by qualified professionals who can identify potential vulnerabilities in the systems and recommend effective solutions. Vulnerability management is essential in preventing cyber attacks and minimizing the impact of security incidents on critical infrastructure.

NIS2 and National Critical Infrastructure: National critical infrastructure refers to the systems and assets essential to the functioning of society and the economy. The NIS2 directive includes specific requirements for operators of essential services in the UK to protect their critical infrastructure from cyber-attacks.

How does nis2 apply to you? And how does NIS2 impact vulnerability management?

  1. Risk assessment: Article 14(1) of the NIS 2 regulation requires operators of essential services and digital service providers to “identify and assess the risks posed to the security of their network and information systems.” This includes conducting a risk assessment that considers the “likelihood and impact of a security incident.”
  1. Incident management: Article 14(2) of the NIS 2 regulation requires operators of essential services and digital service providers to “establish and implement appropriate and proportionate technical and organizational measures to manage the risks posed to the security of network and information systems” and to “detect and promptly respond to incidents.”
  1. Security measures: Article 14(3) of the NIS 2 regulation requires operators of essential services and digital service providers to “take into account state of the art” and to implement “appropriate and proportionate technical and organizational measures” to ensure the security of their network and information systems.
  1. Testing and evaluation: Article 14(4) of the NIS 2 regulation requires operators of essential services and digital service providers to “regularly test and evaluate the effectiveness” of their security measures, including “vulnerability assessments, including penetration testing.”
  1. Reporting: Article 16(1) of the NIS 2 regulation requires operators of essential services and digital service providers to “notify without undue delay the competent authority” of any “incident having a significant impact” on the continuity of the services they provide.Cooperation: Article 14(5) of the NIS 2 regulation requires operators of essential services and digital service providers to “cooperate with the relevant competent authorities and other relevant stakeholders” to “prevent, detect, respond to and recover from incidents.”

How Phoenix Security Can Help:

vulnerability, nis2, regulation, vulnerability management, phoenix security

Phoenix Security is a platform that collects information from various sources, contextualizes, and prioritizes vulnerabilities from code to the cloud.

If you want to know more about Phoenix security and doing vulnerability management at scale, contact us https://phoenix.security/request-a-demo/ 

Get an overview of your asset lineage

How can Phoenix Security Help you address NIS2?

NIS 2 RequirementsHow Phoenix Security Responds
Risk assessment: Article 14(1)Phoenix security enables real-time and systematic assessment of application security, cloud, and infrastructure risks.
Incident management: Article 14(2)Phoenix security enables the reconstruction of incident data by leveraging contextual searches and providing vulnerability information in real-time. It allows easy assessment and scheduling of upgrades and searches all systems and teams affected with just one click.
Security measures and demonstrating compliancePhoenix security enables assessment of the real risk of specific applications and controls and specifies which compensating controls apply to specific applications or environments to ensure compliance.
Early identification of nation-state alerts and critical actionPhoenix security ingests nation-state and critical alerts, enabling quick action on the most critical assets.
ReportingPhoenix security enables reporting on the risk posture of each product, including the number of issues that have been fixed and the expected time to fix them.
Francesco is an internationally renowned public speaker, with multiple interviews in high-profile publications (eg. Forbes), and an author of numerous books and articles, who utilises his platform to evangelize the importance of Cloud security and cutting-edge technologies on a global scale.

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