The European Union has recently introduced a revised Network and Information Systems Directive, or NIS2, which aims to improve the cybersecurity of essential services and digital service providers across the EU. This new regulation replaces the original NIS Directive, adopted in 2016. In a series of articles, we will explore what changes and their impact on vulnerability management.
NIS 2 applies to a wide range of operators of essential services and digital service providers, including energy, transport, banking, healthcare, and digital services such as online marketplaces and search engines. The regulation aims to establish a common level of security for these services across the EU, by requiring organizations to implement appropriate security measures and to report significant security incidents to the relevant authorities. In a previous post, we extensively covered the differences between NIS1 and NIS2.
NIS2 and NIS 1 what are the differences
One of the key differences between the NIS1 directive version 1 (NIS1) and version 2 (NIS2) is the expanded scope of NIS2..
NIS2 extends the directive’s reach to include additional industries and digital service providers. This means that more organizations across the EU are subject to the requirements of the directive, including those in the water supply and distribution sector, the food supply sector, and the digital infrastructure sector. Digital service providers that offer online marketplaces, search engines, and cloud computing services are now within the directive’s scope. The expansion of the scope reflects the growing importance of digital infrastructure and the need to improve the resilience of network and information systems across a broader range of sectors.
|Applies only to operators of essential services in specific sectors (e.g., energy, transport, healthcare, finance)
|Extends to additional sectors and digital service providers
|No thresholds for identifying operators of essential services
|New thresholds for identifying operators of essential services and digital service providers
|Operators of essential services must report incidents to a competent authority
|New requirements for incident reporting
|No specific penalties for non-compliance
|Empowers national authorities to impose fines and other administrative measures
|Emphasizes cooperation and information sharing between national authorities
|Emphasizes cooperation and information sharing between national authorities and the EU Agency for Cybersecurity
What are the Key Elements of NIS2?
- Scope: NIS 2 applies to all operators of essential services and digital service providers established in the EU and those that provide services within the EU.
- Risk assessment: Operators of essential services and digital service providers must conduct a risk assessment to identify and assess the risks to the security of their network and information systems.
- Incident management: Organizations must establish an incident management plan that outlines procedures for detecting, reporting, and responding to security incidents.
- Security measures: Organizations must implement appropriate technical and organizational security measures to manage the risks identified in the risk assessment. This may include access controls, encryption, monitoring and logging, and regular security updates and patches.
- Testing and evaluation: Organizations must regularly test and evaluate the effectiveness of their security measures, including vulnerability assessments and penetration testing.
- Reporting: Organizations must report significant security incidents to the relevant national authorities, as well as any relevant supervisory authorities or other stakeholders.
- Cooperation: Organizations must cooperate with other stakeholders, including other operators of essential services, national authorities, and other relevant bodies, to share information and coordinate responses to security incidents.
Overall, NIS 2 represents a significant step forward in the EU’s efforts to improve cybersecurity and protect essential services and digital services from cyber threats. By establishing a common level of security across the EU, the regulation aims to ensure that organizations are better equipped to detect and respond to security incidents and to minimize the impact of these incidents on the services they provide.
How Phoenix Security Can Help:
Phoenix Security is a platform that collects information from various sources, contextualizes, and prioritizes vulnerabilities from code to the cloud.
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How can Phoenix Security Help you address NIS2?
|NIS 2 Requirements
|How Phoenix Security Responds
|Risk assessment: Article 14(1)
|Phoenix security enables real-time and systematic assessment of application security, cloud, and infrastructure risks.
|Incident management: Article 14(2)
|Phoenix security enables the reconstruction of incident data by leveraging contextual searches and providing vulnerability information in real-time. It allows easy assessment and scheduling of upgrades and searches all systems and teams affected with just one click.
|Security measures and demonstrating compliance
|Phoenix security enables assessment of the real risk of specific applications and controls and specifies which compensating controls apply to specific applications or environments to ensure compliance.
|Early identification of nation-state alerts and critical action
|Phoenix security ingests nation-state and critical alerts, enabling quick action on the most critical assets.
|Phoenix security enables reporting on the risk posture of each product, including the number of issues that have been fixed and the expected time to fix them.